Wind energy, commonly recognize to be a clean and environmentally friendly renewable energy resource that can reduce dependency on fossil fuels, has developed rapidly in recent years. It is mature technology and comparatively low cost make it promising as an important primary energy resource in the future. At the same time such rapid development of wind energy, including wind farms has brought along different serious challenges in many countries.
The major challenge to use wind energy as a source of power it is that wind is intermittent. The other challenges include, but are not limited to environment, land usage and grid capacity. Military vulnerability is another issue that should be addressed in context of analyzing the different aspects related to wind farms, e.g national defence constraints for establishing wind farms such as the height of electrical generators and potential impact on radiolocation systems.
The use of batteries and in general energy storage technology deserves also further analysis. As electricity network needs flexibility and congestion relief, batteries can be an excellent alternative to conventional power plants in providing balancing services, especially in complement to growing penetration of renewables on the grid.
Study will be completed by December 2020