By being a large consumer of energy, especially fossil fuels, the armed forces of most Allied nations are highly dependent upon imports from countries that are located in unstable regions beyond Allied influence. Developments during the latest decades have put the issue of energy on the NATO security agenda. Within that agenda, NATO's focus is on three major areas:
1) Raising strategic awareness of energy developments with security implications;
2) Contributing to the protection of critical energy infrastructure;
3) Enhancing energy efficiency in the military.
The NATO Systems Analysis and Studies 119 (SAS-119) Research Task Group (RTG) focused on the third major area, reducing dependencies on energy resources outside of the Alliance by enhancing energy efficiency through applied technical solutions, focusing on operational energy. The objectives of the RTG were to:
1) Gather information on successfully implemented OE initiatives;
2) Develop a methodology for assessing the relative goodness of those initiatives enabling those interested in implementing OE initiatives in their own military to determine which were most pertinent or desirable based on their own requirements;
3) Share that information with the NATO member nations, allies and partners, and make it accessible to them for future use and reference.